“You can have all the consensus statements in the world, but what makes them effective is when somebody in a policy-making position actually uses them,” he says. For him and Hadly, the biggest lesson learned is that “a scientist’s job isn’t over once a paper is published”, he says. Or, as Hadly puts it, scientists can reach a point in their careers when they decide, in a world of limited resources and time, to focus on making a difference.